SCIENTIFIC CENTER OF BIODIVERSITY IN HONORIA
The Instituto Promoción y Desarrollo Agrario- IPDA is a Non Profit Organization that began their activities in 1991 and one of its main objectives is to create relationships between national and international organizations in matters of science and technology, development, the conservation of nature and environmental management.
IPDA owns 500 hectares of land in the lower area of the rainforest in the town of Honoria which is located in the province of Puerto Inca in Huánuco, Perú. This area has great Flora and Fauna potential which can be utilized to benefit the people living in the surrounding areas. Our focus will be on the aforementioned area, and we will ensure that the people of this town are active participants in the project.
In this way, a forestry and farming project has been designed, focusing on the conservation of the biodiversity, protection of the environment, and reduction of carbon monoxide, as stipulated in the Kyoto Protocol.
In this project participants include the townspeople of the area and the workers of the Company of Social Property called “Tierra Roja”. This company owns 8,000 hectares of forest that are being depredated. The reason for which a project of sustainable development is being implemented is to protect this forest and improve the living conditions of the local townspeople.
In order to implement a sustainable development, we must create a Scientific Centre of Biodiversity in the town of Honoria. Once this is accomplished we will invite National and International Universities to set up their own academic centers in this area. This will allow them to conduct academic studies related to biodiversity, community relations, and climate change. Further it will provide the opportunity for the exchange of knowledge and information between the professional and cultural groups present in the project.
These centers will operate under cooperation agreements with IPDA.
Country : Perú.
Region : Huánuco.
District : Honoria.
The area of study is located in the district of Honoria, within the province of Puerto Inca in Huánuco, Peru. This area is accessible from Lima, Pucallpa, and Huánuco.
By land, the estimated travel time to Pucallpa is 20 hours, and from there to Honoria takes approximately 2 hours.
By air, the travel time to Pucallpa is 1 hour.
Its climate is known to have relatively constant temperatures averaging between 24° and 26° C, with relative humidity higher than 75% and high levels of precipitation which fluctuate between 1.000 to 2.000 cm3 per year.
Ecosistemas y Biodiversidad:
It accommodates terrestrial ecosystems such as non-floodable forests and aquatic ecosystems like rivers and marshes.
Its fauna is very rich, and in the ground you may find things such as: insects including worms, centipedes, millipedes, mollusks, and spiders. In the underbrush you will find animals such as: toads, turtles, hogs, red deer, etc. Within the tree trunks you can find: bats, ants, termites, and ocelots. In the treetops you may find: coleopterons, toucans, macaw, parrots, hummingbirds, turkeys, hens, eagles, and various monkey species, among others.
The aquatic fauna contains herons, ducks, lizards, ronsocos, pink bufeos, manatís, sea lions, raccoons, cushuris, anacondas, charapas, taricayas, and species of fish like paiches, zúngaros, doncellas and carachamas. To some extent, the plants of the low forest depend on this fauna which either become pollinators and dispensers of the seeds or species that help in germination. At the same time the fauna depends on the forest, which provides them with food and shelter.
Its vegetal formation is comprised of humid forests with low hills and humid forests with winding hills. It is common to find palm trees such as the palmito, medicinal plants like sangre de grado, uña de gato and fruit trees like the aguaje, and cocona, among others.
Population and Cultural Aspects:
The district of Honoria has a population of approximately 6,984, with 30.227 hectares of farmland and 866 farming units. The predominant crops consist of corn, yams and bananas, among others.
The majority of the earth’s potential lies in forests, despite the fact that more than 80% of the original areas of native forests have been destroyed mainly for purposes of agricultural establishment.
Presently, the economic activities of greatest importance are agriculture and forestry. Unfortunately, the latter is directed to the destructive extraction of the forest’s products.
The agricultural activity is the one that has altered, in the most notorious way, the landscape of the environment. It is important to emphasize that migratory agriculture, with brush, burns and later earth abandonment, constitutes one of the main threats to the conservation of the forest resources in the area.
The area, like all tropical humid forests, presents a complex biomass in terms of its structure and diversity of species. It displays optimal conditions for life; including constant heat availability abundant precipitation.
The sunlight in the tropical humid forest is an important conditioning factor. The species have developed diverse strategies to obtain light and have found ways to adapt to the scarce availability of light below the canopy.
The area unites climatic, physical and environmental conditions which result in great potential for the implementation of economic and scientific activities. These activities are directed at the conservation of biodiversity, protection of the environment, environmental services, eco tourism, and scientific tourism, among others.